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Export and Enterprise Productivity: Does Destination Matter?
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TitleExport and Enterprise Productivity: Does Destination Matter?  
AuthorLiu Bin , Wang Jie and Li Lei  
OrganizationUniversity of International Business and Economics;School of Economics , Nankai University; 
Key WordsExport Destination; TFP; Propensity Score Matching; Difference-in-Difference 
AbstractDoes export destination influence enterprises’ productivity? What type of enterprises would benefit from the export destination? Based on the extension of the new-new trade theory, the paper attempts to further explain the mystery of the continued growth of the Chinese enterprise productivity. The paper merges the China’s industrial enterprises data and import -export trade data during 2000 and 2006, and adopts a matching method to select the suitable control group for our treatment group. Then Propensity Score Matching and Difference-in-Difference (DID) methods are employed to investigate the causal effect of enterprises export destination on enterprises’ TFP. The results show that enterprise export destination from developing countries to developed countries improve the TFP even faster compared with the enterprises only exported to developing countries. Such conclusion remains the same for various robustness tests, using the export destination choice probability value and the redefining expansion scope of developed countries. In addition, the study of heterogeneous characteristics such as different ownership enterprises and different ways of trade enterprises prove that private enterprise, processing enterprises and multi-product enterprises have more various productivity enhancement while the enterprise export destination from developing countries to developed countries, and human capital, export experience and diversified economic environment are more conducive to learning and innovation of export enterprises. 
Serial NumberWP679 
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